Architectural Beauty of Jaisalmer Fort

One of the most glorious and beautiful forts in India is the Jaisalmer fort which is located in the heart of Rajasthan in Jaisalmer city. It is also known as the Sonar Kila or the Golden Fort as it is made of yellow sandstone which exudes a brilliant yellow radiance during the day time. It was built in the year 1156 by a Rajput ruler known as Rawal jaisal. The fort is built on the Trikuta hill which is 80 meters high and surrounded by a wall of 30 feet.

Structural Enigma of the Fort

Jaisalmer Fort Rajasthan

Jaisalmer Fort Rajasthan

The Jaisalmer Fort is based on Rajasthani architectural patterns and designs. The entire structure consists of five storeys and three walls. Stone blocks were used to build the outer layer of the walls. There are basically four entrances to the Fort which are quite popularly known as the Hawa Pole, Aksya Pole, Suraj Pole and the Ganesha Pole. The size of the Fort is one of the major attractions for tourists around the world.

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Rajasthan Climatic Conditions Affecting Way of Life & Role of Aravali Range

The Rajasthan state is spread in an area of 343000 square kilometers which has been very distinctly divided by the presence of Aravali Range running from north-east direction to south west direction and cover distance of 688 kilometers from north-east to south-west falling within the state. It appears to be the backbone of the state. Because of this division the two regions created having very contrasting geographical topography of the land.

Aravali range, Rajasthan

Aravali range, Rajasthan

Towards north-west of Aravali range lies Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Barmer and Bikaner, where the topography is of arid plains witnessing the sand dunes mobility forming part of extensively spread Thar desert occupying nearly 196,150 sq km of space. The earth has higher compactness and there are very scantily found thorny shrubs and bushes.

The ground water level in the region is at very great depth, the situation has been prevailing for last many centuries. There is a narrative account written by Manucci, an Italian writer, who traveled in Rajasthan in the 17th Century. The writing account makes mentions of “The extremely deep wells in the region requiring the help of oxen for drawing water from these wells.

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Elegant and Luxurious Havellis in Jaisalmer

For many centuries, Rajasthan was ruled by the Rajput Maharajas who lived in luxurious and splendid Havellis. Most of these architectural structures are still present in Rajasthan. It is the epitome of the rich cultural heritage of the country. There are many beautiful Havellis in the city of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. Some of the most popular Havellis in Jaisalmer include the Patwon-Ki-Havelli, Salim Singh-Ki-Havelli, Nathmal-Ki-Havelli and so forth.

Patwon-Ki-Havelli

Patwon Ki Haveli

Patwon Ki Haveli

The Patwon-Ki-Havelli was built in between 1800 and 1860 by Guman Chand Patwa and his five sons. It is one of the most attractive tourists’ destinations in Jaisalmer. The Patwon-Ki-Havelli is a group of five Havellis. The biggest Havelli was built by Guman Chand and it is known to be the most ostentatious palace in Jaisalmer. According to history, the emperor built five separate Havellis for his five sons. The entire construction was completed in a span of sixty years.

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