Rajasthan Climatic Conditions Affecting Way of Life & Role of Aravali Range

The Rajasthan state is spread in an area of 343000 square kilometers which has been very distinctly divided by the presence of Aravali Range running from north-east direction to south west direction and cover distance of 688 kilometers from north-east to south-west falling within the state. It appears to be the backbone of the state. Because of this division the two regions created having very contrasting geographical topography of the land.

Aravali range, Rajasthan

Aravali range, Rajasthan

Towards north-west of Aravali range lies Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Barmer and Bikaner, where the topography is of arid plains witnessing the sand dunes mobility forming part of extensively spread Thar desert occupying nearly 196,150 sq km of space. The earth has higher compactness and there are very scantily found thorny shrubs and bushes.

The ground water level in the region is at very great depth, the situation has been prevailing for last many centuries. There is a narrative account written by Manucci, an Italian writer, who traveled in Rajasthan in the 17th Century. The writing account makes mentions of “The extremely deep wells in the region requiring the help of oxen for drawing water from these wells.

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Colorful Rajasthan – Must Visit Destination in India

Rajasthan is basically known as The Land of the Kings. It is the largest state of India in terms of area. Rajasthan spreads over 342,239 km. Rajasthan is, undoubtedly, one of the finest places to visit for tourism. It has rich heritage, diverse culture, majestic history, and lots more. It is the store of Indian values and culture. Rajasthan inhabits Rajasthanis in large numbers which are the core Indian group of people.

Rajasthan - Hawa Mahal

Rajasthan - Hawa Mahal

Rajasthan encompasses few of the world famous monuments, desert, and mountain ranges. A large part of The Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert) is situated in the lands of the magnificent state of Rajasthan. It is the world’s ninth largest desert. Rajasthan is mounted by the Aravalli Ranges running from one end to another.

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A Brief Hitory of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is a land of imperial history boasting a magnificent culture and grandeur past. Unlike other historical places, Rajasthan remains a land that is well rooted in its past.

You can feel the glorious past of this land everywhere, in fact, Rajasthan exudes the charm of its royalty even today. The splendor of its forts and their architectural marvels has attracted millions of visitors for centuries. The vast stretches of sand of the Thar Desert tell a tale of valor and courage of the Rajput rulers who once ruled the place. The history of Rajasthan dates back to 1200AD, it is perhaps even older; some associate it with the Harappan civilization of 1000 BC. The land is not just a civilization but a tale that is well played out as an act, visible to anyone who is interested in learning about her.

The history and culture of the people of Rajasthan could be divided into two vast eras namely:

•    Rajasthan before the reign of the Rajputs.
•    Rajasthan after the dawn of the Rajputs.

Before we delve into the details of each of these interesting periods in Rajasthan’s history, let us look at a brief account of these times. These are more or less vague sketches about the era, the history of Rajasthan is not something that could fit into a paragraph or two, interested readers can enjoy the charm and exuberance of these people from the accounts of many, not to forget the antiques, treasures and architectural buildings left behind as a legacy by the rulers of this place.

Rajasthan before the Rajputs – The ancient history of Rajasthan dates back to about 5000 years. There have been excavations that were carried out in the past fifty years that associate Rajasthan with Harappan Civilization. Many archeological excavations have also placed Rajasthan as a part of the Indus Valley Civilization during the 3000 to 500 BC. The place was also a part of the great republics of Hunas, Kushans, Malvas and Yaudhyas. Later Gupta Empire ruled the place in the 4th century, buildings and palaces were built in great numbers and the place acquired prominence in the world map.

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